Being diagnosed with prostate cancer is a painful reality that can happen to any man. As Dr. Paul Arnold states, “Being diagnosed with prostate cancer is a very alarming, shocking, and scareful diagnosis.” A patient diagnosed with prostate cancer may experience a flood of thoughts, emotions and questions. For men recently diagnosed with cancer, the first step to a successful outcome will be having a trusted urologist answer questions and suggest treatment options.
Men recently diagnosed with prostate cancer will find there are many treatment options available to them. A trained and experienced urologist will be able to offer a number of treatment options tailored to their patient’s specific cancer type and circumstance. In some cases, when a cancer is not aggressive, a urologist may recommend staying away from treatment and instead monitor the cancer with the patient using active surveillance.
In cases where the cancer is more aggressive and the patient is healthy, a urologist may recommend surgery. Depending on how far the cancer has spread, the surgery could remove the entire prostate or just the prostate tissue where the cancer is found. In some cases, robotic surgery can be used for more precise procedures that cause less pain and quicker recovery times. Some of the common side effects of surgery are bladder incontinence and erectile dysfunction, although both usually go away with time.
Radiation therapy is an option for older patients, those who have other health problems, and patients who may have difficulty recovering from a surgery. For this treatment, radiation is used to kill the cancer cells. It also targets cancer that may have spread to bone. Although effective, the side effects of radiation therapy can be strenuous.
One newer option for prostate cancer treatment is High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU). This is a cutting-edge treatment option has been approved by the FDA since 2016 with exciting success. HIFU works by sending intense ultrasound waves directly to the area of the prostate that has cancer cells and these waves destroy the cancer cells. This is a minimally invasive treatment option with few side effects; however, only certain sizes and types of cancers can be treated in this way.
The fear and uncertainty caused by a cancer diagnosis is serious. Fortunately, experienced urologists at Advanced Urology Institute can help men find treatment options and guide them through this difficult time. For more information about prostate cancer, visit the Advanced Urology Institute website.