How a Vasectomy Prevents PregnancyA vasectomy is the most effective form of birth control for men. The procedure, which is done under local anesthesia, involves the cutting of the vas deferens, the tube that connects the urethra to the testis where sperm is produced. This prevents the sperm from mixing with the semen which is produced for ejaculation. Semen without sperm will not cause fertilization. If a man has had a vasectomy, there is no chance of his partner getting pregnant from sexual intercourse.

The Vasectomy Procedure

A vasectomy is usually an outpatient procedure done in a few hours, after which the patient goes home. The patient remains awake during the entire operation. The doctor makes a small incision on the side of the testicle to gain access to the vas deferens. He then makes a cut to sever the tube and closes it using a cauterizing tool that seals the tube with high heat. The tubes are put back in place and the incision is stitched closed. The couple may need to use another form of contraception for a few weeks after the procedure since it will take this long for all the sperm to be eliminated from the body. The doctor might recommend testing to make sure that no traces of sperm are present before the patient engages in intercourse without another kind of contraception for backup.

Advantages of Having a Vasectomy

The process is hard to reverse. Anyone considering this procedure must carefully consider what it means to no longer be able to have more children. The decision should be made with the understanding that a vasectomy is intended to be a permanent form of birth control. Although a condom would still be necessary for protection from contracting sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), the advantage is that there is no need for a couple to use any other form of contraception to prevent pregnancy. For married couples who want a secure form of birth control, a vasectomy is highly recommended. Call Advanced Urology Institute for more information on the procedure, its risks and benefits.