Penile Implants for Erection Problems – Dr. Rishi Modh

My name is Rishi Modh, I am a board-certified urologist with Advanced Urology Institute.

So I think when you go see a urologist about erectile dysfunction, you need to see a urologist who specializes in implants as well. Not all urologists perform penile implants so they may not even offer it as an option for you. A penile implant is an outpatient procedure with a small incision and a fast recovery. It’s a mechanical device that’s placed inside your body that allows you to pump fluid into the penis in order to give you a great erection. Ninety-five percent (95%) of men are extremely happy with their penile implant and ninety-five percent (95) of partners would recommend it to someone else to have a surgery done.

Why Southerners Have a Higher Risk of Kidney Stone

I am Ketan Kapadia. I’m with Advanced Urology Institute and a board certified urologist.

Dr. Ketan Kapadia of St Petersburg, FLObviously the heat is going to play a major role, a lot of it has to do with our diet unfortunately as well. [As with] an American diet, we just don’t eat very well, we’re all a little heavier and that also increases the risk of kidney stones as well.

The interesting thing here in Florida, which isn’t talked about very much and this is sort of the holistic treatment of the patient in urology, which is we get a lot of men who have prostate problems who start cutting back on their fluids because they don’t want to get up at night; And when you start cutting back on fluids and not getting up at night, now you’re at more risk of [getting] stones. We see a lot of older guys who come in with kidney stones for the very first time because they got a prostate problem as well and that hasn’t really been addressed.

Same with women who have overactive bladder. First thing most people do is they start cutting back their fluid so they’re not having to run to the bathroom all the time. Again, you cut back your fluid and now you’re living in Florida in the heat, you’re going to get kidney stones. So a lot of doctors will be more than happy to just get rid of your stone and have the surgery [but] I’m also interested in preventing that next stone. Part of that is getting twenty-four (24) hour urines, seeing why you’re making stones, addressing all the overactive bladder problems and prostate problems because I don’t want you to end up having more stones. I’m happy to operate and take out stones, that’s fun, but it’s my obligation to help prevent [it from happening agan].

Advantages and Disadvantages of Robotic Technology in Urology – Dr. Shaw Zhou

Shaw Zhou, MD of St Petersburg, FL

My name is Shaw Zhou, I am with Advanced Urology Institute.

Robotic surgery is truly precise, for example, the magnify [goes] up to ten times so the doctor can see better and if your doctor has a hand tremor [it’s still] very steady. You got four arms instead of two arms, so you have two arms to grab for you and so on and so forth. And you have three dimensional [view], you can see much better. The traditional labs got surgical screens which are two dimensional so you don’t have that sense of depth. However the drawback is first of all, the doctor sits 10 feet away, so God forbid if something happened, your doctor will have to go in, wash your hands and you are not by your patient

Also you lose the tactile sensation, cause you don’t feel it no more. When you tie a knot or whatever you know, the tactile sensor feed gives how much force you use now, [before] it’s purely by experience. Although the new robot that we’re talking about that has tactile sensationin other words you can visually see it. They see how much force [is needed] if its red or green. So it’s getting better and better, eventually new robots keep on coming out but in the future I think we can overcome all these shortcomings for robot surgery.

Patient Communication: COVID-19


Reschedule Appointment if you have Flu Symptoms

For patients who are experiencing flu symptoms: please reschedule your appointment for another time.

Please stay home if you are experiencing flu symptoms including fever, cough, sore throat, runny nose, aching, headache, fatigue, or have recently traveled out of the country or been on a cruise ship. The flu virus can spread very easily from person to person.

For the safety of patients, employees, and physicians, we will be implemented visitor restrictions to our facilities effective Wednesday, March 17th.

Patients who are minors, have disabilities, or need a translator will be allowed 1 companion. All other parties will be asked to wait outside of the facility. Please call to reschedule your appointment today if you are having any of the above stated symptoms. We are happy to reschedule you for a later date without penalty.

Penile Implants for Erection Problems

You are finding it difficult to have an erection that is sufficient for sexual intercourse. So you make an appointment to see a urologist. The urologist will take your medical history, do a physical exam and run a few tests to establish the underlying cause. And from the results of the evaluations, the urologist will be able to determine the right treatment for your problem. The treatment may involve taking medications, penile injections, vacuum erection devices, penile implant or reconstructive surgery.

Why should you see a specialist in penile implants?

As you visit a urologist to help resolve your erectile dysfunction, you also should consider seeing one with specialization in penile implants. Why? Because in some cases erectile dysfunction is not effectively resolved through medications, vacuum erection devices or penile injections and you may need a penile implant. Also patients treated with penile implants are significantly more satisfied with their treatment than those treated with erectile dysfunction medication or other options. There is 98 percent satisfaction with penile implants, while 95 percent of partners would recommend it to someone else.

While penile implants are usually a third line of treatment for ED and is often reserved for severe cases of the condition, it is a good first option for men who don’t want to take medication, those who can’t take ED medications due to contraindication, and for those for whom treatments such as injections and vacuum devices aren’t ideal for their lifestyle.

However, not all urologists perform the procedure and some doctors may not even offer it as a treatment option. If that is determined to be the best option for your ED, then you may need to find a urologist with experience doing penile implants.

What is a penile implant?

A penile implant (also called penile prosthesis) is a mechanical device inserted in the body and allows fluid to be pumped into the penis. Currently the most effective and most popular penile implant is the three-piece inflatable device — a self-contained, fluid-filled system comprising of a reservoir inserted in the abdomen, two cylinders located in the penis and a pump situated in the scrotum.

Designed to mimic both the appearance and functionality of a naturally erect penis, a penile implant is custom-fitted to the body during an outpatient procedure that lasts one hour and thereafter is used to achieve an adequate erection for sexual intercourse. The penile implant mimics the normal penis to the extent that if a man doesn’t tell his girlfriend or wife about it, she is unlikely to know that he has it. The recovery period after penile implant surgery is 4-6 weeks and a man can begin to enjoy sex fully after recovery.

How does a penile implant work?

You simply squeeze and release the pump implanted in your scrotum to have the fluid move into the cylinders located in the penis. The movement of fluid into the cylinders helps you to achieve an erection. To deflate the device, you press the deactivation button found on the pump and the fluid will move back. When inflated, the three-piece inflatable implant acts and feels like a natural erection. But it still feels quite natural and comfortable when flaccid. Likewise, your sensitivity and ability to ejaculate is not diminished by the implant.

How long does a penile implant last?

Penile implants last for a long time. In a majority of men, it lasts for more than 5 years after it has been implanted. Actually, in 70 percent of men, penile implants remain functional and working for up to 10 years after implantation, although some patients retain working implants for up to 20 years after implantation. So the need to replace penile implants primarily depends on the age of the patient. If you are slightly older than 18 at implantation, you are certainly going to replace it a couple of times. But if you get the implant when your are 60-70 years old, you may only need one replacement.

At Advanced Urology Institute, we are proud of our track record in managing erectile dysfunction, particularly with the results we have achieved with prosthetic and reconstructive procedures. We perform several penile implant procedures annually and have managed to continually get excellent results. We perform the procedure using small incisions and end up with cosmetically remarkable implants with complete concealment of the components of the device.

We have performed the inflatable penile prosthesis so routinely that we have perfected our skills in it and can always guarantee the best possible outcomes for all our patients. For additional information on penile prosthesis and other treatment options for ED, visit the “Advanced Urology Institute” site.

What is MRI with Transrectal Ultrasound Fusion-Guided Prostate Biopsy

Prostate cancer has a new standard of care in MRI-guided fusion biopsy with transrectal ultrasound. While a prostate biopsy has been the only way to get a definitive diagnosis of prostate cancer, it has only been working if cancer cells are identified in the sample tissue. But in some cases, such as when the tumor occurs at the top surface of the prostate or other unusual locations, a biopsy may not give a correct diagnosis. For instance, the standard TRUS (transrectal ultrasound) guided biopsy in which tissue samples are collected from the prostate in a systematic pattern gives a negative result with tumors located in unusual areas of the prostate. About 15-20 percent of tumor locations can be missed by the biopsy needle.

What makes the MRI-ultrasound fusion biopsy more definitive?

The MRI-ultrasound fusion approach is an improvement on the traditional 12-core TRUS, which involved taking biopsies from twelve prostate areas where the cancer is considered more likely to occur. With the TRUS biopsy, about 70 percent of men who have a negative biopsy result are not essentially free of the cancer. The MRI-ultrasound fusion technology blends the superior imaging capability of the high-definition multi-parametric (mp) MRI with real-time ultrasound imaging. There is better visualization of the suspicious areas of the prostate where the cancer may occur that may not be visible on ultrasound alone. The fusion-guided biopsy detects almost twice as many prostate cancers in all stages as the standard TRUS biopsy.

The ability of MRI-ultrasound fusion-guided biopsy to create a three-dimensional (3D) map of the prostate ensures that doctors are able to see the targeted areas of the prostate better and perform more precise biopsies. The technology uses a machine known as UroNav developed by Invivo, which is supplied with sophisticated software to produce super-detailed MRI images and fuse them with the ultrasound images generated by a transrectal probe administered on the patient in an outpatient setting. The resulting images enable the examining physician to direct biopsy needles with pinpoint accuracy and to easily access any lesions or suspicious areas revealed by MRI. The technology allows the urologist to hit the target spot more accurately and improves cancer detection rate. In fact, it is primarily used for men who have an ongoing suspicion of prostate cancer, such as those with consistently elevated PSA, but whose TRUS biopsy results are repeatedly negative.

Fewer biopsies, more accurate detection

The fusion-guided biopsy is a very targeted approach in which biopsies are performed only in highly suspicious areas of the prostate appearing in the MRI image. As a result, significantly fewer biopsies are done with the MRI-ultrasound fusion than with the traditional TRUS technique, minimizing the adverse effects that often accompany repeat biopsies. Multiple prostate biopsies can lead to complications such as bleeding, infection, urinary retention problems, sepsis or even death.

In spite of fewer biopsies, the MRI fusion approach increases the rate of detection of aggressive prostate cancer. The extensive MRI images obtained before the biopsy helps highlight both high-risk and intermediate-risk cancers often missed by traditional TRUS biopsy. With MRI-ultrasound fusion, the likelihood of detecting cancer increases as the grade of the tumor increases. The use of MRI fusion biopsy helps to avoid metastatic disease by finding cancer before it spreads to other areas of the body.

Improved cancer differentiation

Through MRI fusion, doctors are able to more accurately differentiate cancers that require treatment from the ones that should undergo watchful waiting (active surveillance). Fusion technology is able to show higher-risk cancers and does not highlight the insignificant low-grade tumors, making it less likely for urologic oncologists to over-treat indolent and low-grade cancers. A number of prostate cancers are low-grade, non-aggressive and do not cause problems at all and treating them through chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery can impair the quality of life or even cause death. MRI fusion effectively saves patients from the adverse effects of treating low-grade tumors. Fusion technology eliminates up to 50 percent of prostate cancer treatments that are unnecessarily administered on low-grade cancers.

At Advanced Urology Institute, we have adopted the MRI-ultrasound fusion biopsy and changed the way we screen, evaluate and diagnose prostate cancer. It has become our standard for detecting prostate cancer and we believe in the next few years it will be the gold standard for detecting the cancer. We are proud that it offers a higher detection rate, superior accuracy and reduces the rate of repeat biopsies — making our practice one of the best places for detection and monitoring of the cancer. It helps us deliver the best treatment outcomes for our patients.

If you think you are at high risk of prostate cancer or already have started experiencing some symptoms, let us show you how the precision of our high-definition MRI fusion machine, the expertise of our skilled physicians in MRI fusion biopsy and the know-how of our radiologists proficient in multi-parametric MRI imaging can help you. For more information on the treatment and diagnosis of prostate cancer, visit the “Advanced Urology Institute” site.

What is a Vasectomy?

A vasectomy is a simple and safe minimally-invasive surgery done by a doctor in a clinic, office or hospital. During the procedure, the small tubes called vas deferens that carry sperm are blocked or cut off to prevent sperm from leaving a man’s body and causing pregnancy. The sperm cells remain in the testicles and are reabsorbed into the body. So after about 3 months following a vasectomy, the semen doesn’t contain any sperm and can’t cause pregnancy. Of course you’ll still produce the same amount of semen as before except that there will be no sperm in them.

Quick and highly-effective

A vasectomy is a quick, 15-to-30-minute procedure and you can return home the same day. Designed to be a permanent form of contraception, a vasectomy is extremely effective in preventing pregnancy — nearly 100 percent. It is one of the most effective methods of birth control you can find. Vasectomy — also called male sterilization — is meant to protect against pregnancy permanently, so it’s super effective once you are past the first three months following surgery when the semen has become sperm-free.

After the procedure, pregnancy is prevented round-the-clock for the rest of your life. Once the doctor confirms that you no longer have sperm in your semen, then you don’t to do anything else to prevent pregnancy.Of course there is a very slim chance of the cut ends of the tubes growing back together after the procedure, making it possible to cause a pregnancy. That, however, very rarely happens.

Types of vasectomy

The vasectomy procedure involves cutting and blocking or partially removing both ends of the vas deferens (the sperm duct). Once that is done, sperm traveling from the testes can no longer reach the semen and form part of the ejaculate. Two types of vasectomies exist: the no-scalpel method and the incision method. The no-scalpel (no-cut) technique has a lower risk of infection and complications and generally requires a shorter recovery time. Because it’s classified as a minor surgical procedure, a vasectomy is often done in the doctor’s office with the patient under local anesthesia. It’s only in a small percentage of men where the procedure is performed in the operating room with general anesthesia or sedation — either due to the results of a doctor’s physical exam or patient preference.

Doesn’t hurt as much as often perceived

Vasectomy is a safer, minimally-invasive birth control method and a more effective procedure compared to tubal ligation. Guys generally tolerate it better than women do with tubal ligation. While you will experience a sharp sensation when the numbing medication is applied with a small needle, there should be no further pain after that. If you experience any further discomfort, inform your doctor so more of the numbing medication may be given or action is taken to alleviate the discomfort. Most men find vasectomy less painful than they anticipated, although a mild swelling and soreness may be experienced after the procedure.

Recovery after a vasectomy

Some mild swelling and discomfort is to be expected for a few days after the procedure, but almost always is gone completely by the end of the first week. It’s recommended that you take 1-2 days off work to reduce your activity level and get ample time to recover — although men with physically strenuous jobs may require a longer break from work. For the first 48 hours after the procedure, keep your activities limited and apply cold packs to your scrotum 3-4 times a day, with each application lasting for about 20 minutes. Wear supportive underwear until the discomfort subsides or for at least a week. Avoid sexual activity and exercise until the discomfort disappears, usually after around one week. Don’t soak in a pool, open water or hot tub for at least 3 weeks to ensure your wound heals quickly — you may just shower and dab dry. Return to normal activity slowly, building up your activity level gradually.

At Advanced Urology Institute, we do vasectomies in the office, using the no-scalpel, no-needle procedure. However, if you’re squeamish about it then you can have the procedure in a surgical room — although for most guys, doing it in the office is alright. The procedure takes about 20 minutes and is not bad in terms of pain. Recovery is also very fast. Most men schedule it on Friday and are back to work on Monday. As long as you don’t engage in strenuous activities such as a heavy lifting kind of a job, you can resume work quickly.

So if you want freedom from the fear of having unwanted children and want to enjoy your sexual relations without worrying about a pregnancy, a vasectomy is the ideal contraception for you. For more information on vasectomy, visit the “Advanced Urology Institute” site.

When Should You Get A PSA Test?

The prostate gland is a critical component of the male reproductive system. Located just underneath the bladder and in front of the rectum, the tiny walnut-sized gland helps to make semen — the fluid that carries sperm. But as men age, the prostate increases in size, becomes enlarged and begins to cause problems.

The most common prostate problems include:

  1. Bacterial infection
  2. Dribbling after urination
  3. Increased need to pass urine (especially at night)
  4. Enlarged prostate, called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
  5. Prostate cancer

One of the most common cancers

The second most frequent cancer in American men, after skin cancer, prostate cancer typically grows slowly and shows very few early symptoms. So doctors usually recommend that men go for screening to ensure the cancer is spotted early even before symptoms arise and prior to the cancer getting more advanced. During screening tests, doctors perform prostate exams to detect any abnormalities that may indicate an issue, such as cancer. But the exams are not recommended for everyone and are often only necessary when the benefits outweigh the risks.

The PSA (Prostate-Specific Antigen) Test

The prostate-specific antigen test, simply called PSA, is a blood test for detecting prostate cancer and one of the most frequently used screening tests for the cancer. When there is an elevated level of the PSA in the blood, it might indicate that you have cancer. However, it’s not always that straightforward. In fact, there is a raging controversy about the PSA test, with many people questioning whether or not it’s necessary for younger men who are otherwise healthy. For instance, there is the argument that if there is a false positive PSA result, it may cause a lot of unnecessary anxiety and could even cloud a person’s decision regarding future treatment. False positive results are relatively low with the PSA test, but they may still occur.

The biggest argument against the PSA test is that treatment isn’t necessary for many prostate cancers. The cancer tends to grow and spread slowly and rarely causes serious effects during a man’s lifetime. While, in some cases, the cancer can be really aggressive and the PSA test may detect it when it’s still small and easier to treat, the side effects of cancer treatment are monetarily and physically too costly. So a lot of precaution is necessary when deciding who should or should not get treatment — there is no reason for treating a cancer that has little or no chance at all of progressing.

So when should you get your first PSA?

It is important to discuss the benefits, risks and uncertainties of the PSA (prostate-specific antigen) test with your doctor before getting it. If you are a man of average risk, you should get your first PSA at the age of 50. But for men at high-risk of developing prostate cancer, such as African-American men, men of Caribbean descent and men with a first-degree relative (brother, father or son)
who had the cancer before age 60, then the first PSA should be at 45. And for men who are at higher risk, such as those who have more than one first-degree relative who had the cancer at an earlier age (younger than 50), the first PSA test should be at the age of 40.

Establishing the baseline with first PSA

At Advanced Urology Institute, we recommend that men get their first PSA test before the age of 50 so that a baseline can be established and used to make the decision as to whether or not they’ll need further tests. If it’s very low, then your regular PSA tests can be put off. But in cases where the PSA is elevated, we conduct other tests to ensure that it is prostate cancer we’re dealing with and not a prostate infection or an enlarged prostate. Depending on the PSA test result, we may repeat your PSA every 6 months to assess whether the first was a false positive or there is an upward trend.

The main thing with the PSA test is the changes in the level of PSA. Some men can have normal PSA but still have prostate cancer. So monitoring the changes and trends in your PSA is critical for cancer diagnosis. That’s why we encourage people to get their first PSA test early to establish a baseline for monitoring their PSA level. You don’t have to undergo a prostate biopsy just because you have done a PSA. If it’s found that your PSA is where it should be, you’ll not need a biopsy. That’s why we always want to be sure of the trends in your PSA.

Are you at high-risk of prostate cancer? Or are you experiencing symptoms of what could be a prostate problem, such as painful or frequent urination or blood in urine? At Advanced Urology Institute, we exhaustively discuss the pros and cons of the PSA test with our patients before making any decisions. We understand that PSA screening has both benefits and risks and we try to make the best possible decisions for our patients. For more information on the PSA test, prostate exams, diagnosis and treatment of prostate cancer, visit the “Advanced Urology Institute” site.

How are Kidney Stones Treated?

Kidney stones are a common cause of agonizing and debilitating pain in men and women. In the United States, the stones account for over one million hospital visits and more than 300,000 emergency room visits every year. When patients present with kidney stones, the treatment administered usually depends on the type, size and location of the stone and on the severity of symptoms. Apart from administering treatment, the urologist investigates the underlying cause of the stones and recommends ways of preventing a recurrence.

Spontaneous passage

Kidney stones smaller than 4 mm in diameter are often passed on their own in urine and may be treated at home. While such stones may be painful, the pain often lasts only a few days and usually disappears soon after the stone is passed. So, depending on how bad your symptoms are and how long you’ve had the symptoms, you may not be given any form of treatment and just wait for stones to pass in urine. It usually take up to six weeks to do so.

However, you should only do this if the pain is bearable, there is no sign of infection or kidney blockage and the stone is of a size that can pass on its own. As you wait for it to pass, you’ll need to drink plenty of water and take pain medication to help you manage the discomfort. If you suspect that you have a kidney stone, speak with your doctor to see if you need immediate treatment or if you can wait for it to pass spontaneously.


There are a number of medications that increase the chance of passing kidney stones. For instance, tamsulosin is commonly given to people with kidney stones to help relax the ureter and make it easier for stones to pass. Apart from medications to boost stone passage, your urologist may prescribe anti-emetic (anti-nausea) medication to reduce nausea and vomiting as you wait for the stone to pass. And if you are in severe pain, your doctor may give you 1-2 pain injections and then prescribe some painkillers and anti-emetics for you to take from home.

Surgical procedures

If the pain is so much that you can’t wait for the stone to pass in the urine, you’ll require a surgical procedure to remove it. Surgery is also necessary if the stone is too big to pass on its own or is hampering kidney function. Kidney stones may be removed surgically if they are causing repeated urinary tract infections or are blocking the normal flow of urine.

Surgical procedures to remove kidney stones include extracorporeal shock-wave lithotripsy (ESWL), ureteroscopy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). These procedures are usually chosen by urologists depending on the size, type and location of the stones.

1. Extracorporeal Shock-Wave Lithotripsy (ESWL)

This procedure is the most frequent way of treating stones that can’t pass spontaneously in urine. High-frequency waves (X-rays or ultrasound) are directed at the stone to break it into smaller pieces that can pass in urine. Often the tiny pieces require a few weeks to pass out in urine. While ESWL is 99 percent effective for kidney stones up to 20 mm in diameter, more than one session is usually necessary for the treatment to be successful.

2. Ureteroscopy

For kidney stones that are lodged somewhere in the kidney or ureter, ureteroscopy (also called retrograde intrarenal surgery) may be necessary. The procedure involves directing a long, thin telescope (called ureteroscope) through the urethra, into the bladder, then into the ureter or kidney where the stone is located. If the stone is stuck in the kidney or upper ureter, the urologist uses flexible telescopes for this procedure, but rigid telescopes are ideal for stones stuck in the lower parts of the ureter.

The ureteroscope helps the urologist to reach the stone without making an incision. After reaching the stone, the doctor either can use another instrument to remove it or direct laser energy on it to break it into smaller pieces that can pass naturally in urine. A stent (plastic tube) may be inserted temporarily into the bladder to drain out the stone fragments.

3. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL)

For kidney stones that are too large (21-30 mm in diameter), percutaneous lithotripsy is the treatment of choice. During the procedure, a half-inch incision is made in the side or back, just big enough to allow passage of a telescopic instrument (called nephroscope) into the area of the kidney where the stone is located. The nephroscope is used either to pull out the stone or break it up with pneumatic energy (or laser) and suction out the pieces. In fact, it’s the ability to suction out tiny stone pieces that makes this procedure ideal for larger stones.

Kidney stones also can be removed through open surgery, laparoscopic surgery or robotic surgery. But this is only done when the less-invasive procedures fail. Routine surgical procedures for kidney stones require shorter recovery period and you can usually return home the same day after the procedure and resume normal activities in 2-3 days. If the urologist inserts a stent after a procedure, it is removed 4-10 days later. During treatment, you also may be provided with a strainer that you can use to collect stone pieces that pass in urine for laboratory testing and to enable the urologist to recommend appropriate ways of preventing stone recurrence.

At Advanced Urology Institute, we offer shockwave lithotripsy, ureteroscopy and percutaneous nephrolithotomy routinely, and perform robotic and laparoscopic procedures for kidney stones when necessary. We perform blood tests and 24-hour urine analyses for every patient to identify the cause of kidney stones in order to provide the right treatment. We also design prevention strategies tailored to each patient, including personalized dietary recommendations based on results of 24-hour urine analysis. Our aim is to always ensure that our patients properly understand why they have kidney stones and make the necessary lifestyle changes to prevent a recurrence. For more information on kidney stones and how they are managed, visit the “Advanced Urology Institute” site.

Becoming a Urologist with Dr. Rishi Modh

Being a urologist is an opportunity to help people and make a difference in their lives. As a urologist, people come to you with sensitive and often awkward conditions of the genitourinary tract and you assess the problems and provide the most appropriate remedies. The goal of urologists is always to make interventions that ensure patients are able to live fuller lives. And that makes us proud of our work and of our unique place in the medical profession.

Urology — a big world of stuff

Many people think of urology as merely being about urine. But urology is a massive world that covers a wide range of stuff. It’s an amazing and exciting specialty, where you perform surgery, manage problems medically, develop enduring relationships with patients and go home every day feeling satisfied with your work. I like urology because I’m often able to see the results of my work. For example, when patients come with urological cancers — of the prostate or kidney — I am often able to make effective interventions and achieve great outcomes. Actually, almost all my operations usually result in improved quality of life.

Why urology?

Urology was a natural fit for me. I wanted to be involved in diagnosis, medical management and surgical procedures. With most of my cases I have found that wonderful balance of medicine and surgery in urology. I also like listening and talking to people, leading them to open up and share their problems, guiding them to see the bigger picture and helping them to make informed decisions. In urology, I’m able to do this and much more with my patients. Most crucially, I joined urology to have a chance to make a difference in people’s lives. And indeed, I have found the specialty well-rounded, fascinating and exciting, as well as a powerful instrument for improving people’s lives.

Path to urology

I was born and grew up in Tampa, Florida, where my passion for the health and well-being of the people around me and for public health and sanitation made me a volunteer in many causes right from a young age. I soon realized that pursuing medicine would help me to make a better contribution in health care and improve people’s lives. So I joined the University of Miami for my medical education, graduating with AOA honors. Then I went to Shands Hospital, University of Florida for my urology residency. Currently I am happy and proud to be back in Florida where I’m practicing and living the dream of my life — making a difference in people’s lives.

Areas of expertise

As a urologist, I routinely deal with a wide variety of issues, such as urinary tract infections, overactive bladder, urinary incontinence, low testosterone and prostate enlargement. I also offer procedures for kidney transplants, interstitial cystitis, prostatitis, overactive bladder, congenital abnormalities, urinary stones, correcting stress incontinence, operating on adrenal glands and treating bladder, prostate and kidney cancer. I provide vasectomies, vasectomy reversals and treat erectile dysfunction and infertility issues in men.

What makes urology even more interesting is the continuous integration of advanced technology. Today we can access the urethra via the bladder and get into the kidneys without making any incisions. Even operations to remove kidneys or prostates, which previously required open surgery, are now routinely performed robotically or laparoscopically — using tiny, image-guided instruments.

At Advanced Urology Institute where we use the da Vinci surgical system for several operations, a urologist can now just sit at a console, have fingers in sensors and remotely control a multi-armed robotic surgeon, which ensures access to more areas in the body and provides seamless movement during operation in ways that are impossible laparoscopically. Application of such technology guarantees less scarring, less blood loss and quicker recovery for our patients. And for the urologist, it’s always exciting in the operating room working with such technology.

Job satisfaction

It takes long and hard training to become a urologist. The residencies take 5-6 years and typically involve long hours of complex work and limited sleep. Then there are several hours per week spent in the operating room, which may test anyone’s tenacity and patience. However, it helps that urologists are generally professionals with a positive attitude, good bedside manners and vast empathy. So these challenges can hardly diminish our enthusiasm and commitment to urology.

As a urologist, you are always conducting tests and procedures that may be quite uncomfortable for your patients, delivering news about diagnoses that your patients may not want to hear, and facing medical emergencies requiring you to think on your feet and solve issues to the best of your ability. But with skills to communicate well, eyes for detail and unquenchable desire to help people, you’ll always find yourself on top of things.

I really like urology because I’m a hands-on person who enjoys the hours it offers in the operating room. There are many potential conditions to treat, a wide range of procedures to perform and different tools to use —so no two days are the same. From a vasectomy to vasectomy reversal, circumcision to delivering antibiotics for urinary tract infections, laser surgery to robot-assisted procedures, there’s a lot to keep a urologist engaged and involved.

Urologists also are at the forefront of advanced technology, having pioneered laparoscopic approaches that have been adopted by other medical specialties and now leading the way in the use of cutting-edge robotics. The field is ever growing and changing, and we are constantly researching, learning and innovating to perform our duties better.

Most essentially, urology allows you to build lasting relationships and make a difference in people’s lives. I follow my patients over time, getting to know how they are doing and helping them make informed decisions. I enjoy what I do because I’m always involved in improving, prolonging and saving lives.

Why Advanced Urology Institute?

Advanced Urology Institute stands out for its commitment to excellent urological care. By bringing together a huge number of driven, hard-working, experienced and certified professionals, and having them adopt a collaborative, multidisciplinary patient-centered approach to care, AUI not only gives urologists an opportunity to grow, but also offers them a working environment that brings out the best of their knowledge, skills and experiences. I like the fact that all administrative duties have been centralized and we have all the time we need to work with our patients and give our best.

It’s also good that colleagues at AUI are quite laid back, funny and relaxed people. We are serious about our work but we also enjoy jokes with each other and maintain a positive, friendly practice. It’s a fantastic place full of people who love what they do and who handle diverse issues and patients with utmost diligence and thoroughness. And because we love our job, we work harder to get better at it and to achieve great outcomes for our patients. For more information on our urological services, visit the “Advanced Urology Institute” site.